Make an ASP.NET service available in LAN

Nov 29, 2022
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My current project is programming a tic-tac-toe web game to learn more about signalR. The tech-stack contains an ASP.NET backend and a separate hosted svelte frontend.

The development and tests on my local machine (“dev-desktop”) worked like a charm. I also could access the frontend from another computer (“dev-laptop”) without any problems. But I encountered problems as I tried to access the backend from another computer. The frontend wasn’t able to get the necessary backend connection.

In the following picture I illustrate the scenario:

System overview

After some investigation and experiments I came to the following solution how to access the backend from another computer.

1.) Modify the backend launchSettings.json to listen to an IP address that is reachable

"profiles": {
    "Server": {
      // => all IPv4 addresses on the local machine
      // I could also use
      // But for portability to other development machines I use the former.
      "applicationUrl": ";...",      

2.) Explicit allow the incoming TCP Port of the backend

Windows was blocking the ASP.NET backend port 5246. Although I tried it with a deactivated firewall, it was necessary to explicity allow the incoming TCP Port 5246.

3.) Maybe deactivate https redirection or trust the certificate

In my development setup I use a http connection (e.g. in the application url). An activated https redirection could make some problems because the provided certifcate may not be trusted. Therefore I temporarily commented app.UseHttpsRedirection() out. Otherwise it’s possible to explicit trust the provided certificate.

Caution. This setup is just intended for development / test purposes.

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